General Grant National Memorial
Designed by architect John H. Duncan, the 1897 Beaux-Arts mausoleum and monument to General Ulysses S. Grant takes its inspiration from the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and Napoleon’s Tomb in Les Invalides, and was influenced by ideas from the City Beautiful movement. The monument was originally proposed for Central Park’s Mall until Samuel Parsons convinced General Grant’s widow Julia that this setting with panoramic views was superior. Though its immediate surroundings are neoclassical in form, the monument is surrounded by the picturesque landscape of Riverside Park, designed to be approached by rail, water, carriage, or on foot. Perched atop one of the highest elevations of Riverside Drive, the Tomb dominates the landscape. The surrounding formal walkways and parkland were designed by Calvert Vaux and Samuel Parsons, in coordination with Duncan, and implemented by Parsons after Vaux’s death in 1895. As Landscape Architect for the City, Parsons also oversaw the design and construction of the colonnaded Overlook Pavilion, with panoramic views of the Hudson River. The Pavilion was recently restored. A mosaic bench designed by neighborhood artist Pedro Silva was added to the park in 1970 and restored in 2008. The tomb was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976.